Discover the causes of male bladder weakness

Did you know that in some cases you can retrain a weak bladder to prevent leaks?

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How the urinary system works

The kidneys filter unneeded substances from the blood stream and send them to the bladder, a muscular bag which can stretch to hold up to 500ml when full. At half-full nerves tell the brain that it’s time to urinate and send urine down the urethra, which is kept closed by two sphincter muscles. The inner sphincter will open when the bladder is full but the outer sphincter muscle can be voluntarily held shut to maintain control over urination. The pelvic floor muscles lie beneath the bladder and around the urethra to keep them working correctly. However, for some people there’s an interruption to this chain of events causing a leakage.

There is no single cause of male bladder weakness but common factors include:

  • A swollen prostate impeding the passage of urine, can often lead to Urge Urinary Incontinence, or ‘the sudden need to go’ 
  • Prostate surgery can cause the muscles to become temporarily weakened or damaged leading to Stress Urinary Incontinence – involuntary leaks when you laugh, cough or undertake certain physical activities.
  • Urinary tract infections can cause overactivity in the bladder.
  • Nerve damage, brain injury or medication can sometimes block signals sent to the brain to urinate.
  • Being overweight can put extra pressure on abdominal and pelvic muscles
  • Diuretic medications for circulatory illness can also increase the risk of bladder weakness.
  • Diabetes can lead to slight urine leakage

There are several types of incontinence click here to find out more